CBRS for Private Networks

Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS)

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Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS)

Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) is a phrase everyone gets to hear more than often now, especially with the introduction of 5G and a wider spectrum of network technologies. CBRS and its main idea, Private LTE, is gaining a lot of traction In today's world, public LTE and Wi-Fi networks have become a need. For some businesses, wireless has become the "fourth utility" - a resource as important as electricity, water, and Internet access. There are few instances in which public LTE and Wi-Fi are ineffective: -

Citizens Broadband Radio Systems (CBRS) will let Enterprises establish private LTE networks in shared airwaves thanks to this "band," not a technology. Private networks are rapidly being considered by a variety of businesses to tackle their business connection issues. These include applications in the medical, political, and financial domains that handle extremely sensitive data, as well as industrial applications in distant and limited access places (such as underground).

What is CBRS ?

Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) is a 150 MHz wide broadcast band of the 3.5 GHz band (3550 MHz to 3700 MHz) in the United States. The Federal Communications Commission has allocated a region of radio-frequency spectrum ranging from 3.55GHz to 3.7GHz for sharing among three categories of users: incumbent users,priority licensees, and generally permitted, which is sparsely licensed. FCC first acted on the CBRS band in 2012, although the band has gained traction in recent years. For cellular and cable providers,as well as other new entrants, this band is an ideal complement to their mid band 5G spectrum inventory.
CBRS spectrum has traditionally been reserved primarily for the Department of Defense, which utilizes it for US Navy radar activities, including ship-borne radar that operates mostly offshore. The Navy will continue to enjoy priority access to the band as an existing licensee. While the Navy will be safeguarded from interference, the FCC has permitted the sharing of unused spectrum in the band. The CBRS band's licensing is neither exclusive nor fully unlicensed spectrum.
Instead, the FCC took a hybrid approach to the spectrum, combining licensed and unlicensed elements in a new sharing system

CBRS is allowing businesses to construct their own private 4G/5G networks, which is resulting in enhanced 4G/5G offerings from service providers. While the Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) spectrum will aid U.S. cellular carriers in better managing traffic on their networks, it will also open the door to plenty of new entrants as neutral-host providers, cable and internet providers, and businesses seek to manage their own wireless devices and traffic.
The incumbent government and satellite users, as well as broadband wireless subscribers (until late 2020), make up Tier 1.
Tier 2 Priority Access Licenses (PAL)will have access to 70 megahertz of the total 150 megahertz available through a competitive bidding process.
Users with General Authorized Access (GAA) will have opportunistic access to 80 megahertz of spectrum in every market, as well as the 70 megahertz of PAL spectrum when it is not in use by PAL licensees. In other words, GAA users are given free cellular spectrum provided they can make excellent use of it.
FCC is allowing some bidders that qualify as small enterprises or rural carriers to use bidding credits

CBRS and Private Networks

CBRS Private networks are replacing public LTE and Wi-Fi networks. CBRS Private networks are being deployed by businesses to ensure wireless coverage in regions where public networks do not exist or where wireless coverage is vital for organisational effectiveness.

Other applications that can benefit from CBRS Private networks include those that generate significant volumes of data and have unique uplink or downlink needs. Others want more control over resource allocation and prioritisation.

These dedicated private networks, neutral host networks, and fixed wireless networks are being evaluated for usage in a broad range of industrial and public applications, including as factories, warehouses, and power plants, as well as airports, stadiums, and hospitals.

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The network would be able to manage huge numbers of Internet of Things (IoT) devices—autonomous cars, drones, robots, and sensors—and the flood of data they create as Industry 4.0 evolves. Private networks based on LTE and 5G over CBRS will provide high-capacity, high-throughput, low-latency, increased dependability, and security that today's and tomorrow's businesses require. The specialised devices and equipment that enable on-site wireless coverage, improve device and data capacity, and provide built-in controls that public networks cannot supply are the key to integrating CBRS Private network for IoT applications. One or more of these benefits may be the motivation for establishing a CBRS Private LTE network, with the extra freedom to personalise the network and satisfy the specific application demands. CBRS Private networks are beginning to address various use cases, providing businesses with a cost-effective network that satisfies the special needs of mission critical IoT devices and many users.

Benefits of CBRS Private Network

Compared to public LTE or Wi-Fi, private network offers various advantages. It offers a dedicated LTE network in an uncluttered band. It's set up using customised hardware that boosts device and data capacity while also providing security and controls that aren't available on public network Apart from that CBRS Private network have the following advantages :


Private networks may be tailored to meet the specific application requirements of a business.


Dedicated or shared spectrum is used by private networks. And provide the consumer flexibility over infrastructure density based on their own requirements.


Data never leaves a customer's network in a private network, ensuring privacy. This is especially critical in businesses with strict regulations, such as healthcare and finance.


SIM security guarantees that devices are properly verified and have a unique identification on the network. This allows network administrators to have complete control over which devices are permitted to connect to the network.


Thanks to full end-to-end control, predictable latency, or the ability to specify a defined length of time for data transfer, is accessible with Private LTE. In industrial environments where equipment must be precisely synced, deterministic latency might be critical.


Enterprise users may use Private network to deploy extra small cells for better robustness and uptime. They can also use the same cellular device to fall back to public LTE (if wanted).


Mobility, or the smooth handover between Private LTE small cells, is equivalent to public LTE. With private LTE, there are no connection drops like there are with Wi-Fi.


While a single small cell costs more than an Enterprise-grade access point, fewer small cells are required to give the same coverage as many Wi-Fi access points. With a Private network, the cost of laying cables, electricity, and maintaining a higher number of nodes is an order of magnitude lower

What does it take to keep LTE/5G/CBRS private networks up and running?

  • The deployment of CBSDs requires approval from the telecom regulator (LTE or NR Base stations using CBRS band)
  • A scaled-down version of the Network Operations Centre, featuring NMS and EMSs to track and resolve everyday issues. This is especially important for SNPN (Standalone Non-Public network)
  • Users' Quality of Experience (QoE) is to be tested and measured on a regular basis to guarantee that business users may use the network whenever they want, without interruption.
  • On 4G and 5G networks, KPIs at the cell level are to be monitored.
  • To increase the quality of the experience, identify network faults and optimise the network on a regular basis.
  • To determine the network, conduct an indoor/outdoor driving test or a walk test. Quality of experience provided by CBSDs in both indoor and outdoor settings, such as workplaces.

Network Architecture of CBRS

CBRS networks are made up of CBSDs (Base Stations) that require authorisation and control from a centralised Spectrum Access System (SAS). Priority Access License (PAL) and General Authorized Access (GAA) users must utilise CBSDs that are certified and FCC authorised (in the case of the United States) and registered with SAS with information such as operator ID, device parameters, and location information, among other things. For large commercial deployments of such networks, it is proposed that all CBSD devices be controlled by new network elements - "Domain Proxy (DP)" in conjunction with network management system (NMS) or element management system (EMS) functions. The DP is a two - way information processor router that allows for self-control and interference optimization. SAS is crucial in dealing with potentially interfering environments, establishing many criteria for protection and exclusion zones to safeguard higher priority users, and determining greater CBSD power levels within the stipulated timeframe.

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Well with increased need for wireless spectrum, it is clear that data consumption has no bounds, yet data must be safeguarded when interacting over numerous channels. Private 5G networks and private LTE networks are the best solutions for businesses that want to have their own outdoor and indoor wireless networks on an organisational level, bringing all of the benefits such as increased security, data privacy, network flexibility, mobility, improved Quality of Service (QoS), low latency, network resiliency, and cost-effectiveness. Business owners who largely depended on operator-provided Wi-Fi networks or wireless services may now manage their networks more efficiently in a more dependable, secure, and sound environment. Private LTE/5G networks, undoubtedly have been at the forefront of industry leaders' priority lists for securing their networks, and it has also emerged as one of the telecom industry's most significant development sectors. According to estimates, the private network sector will grow to $60 billion in the next five years as the new age offers up new chances for service providers deployed on a variety of applications covering a variety of use cases.